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RFM95 Datasheet(PDF) 20 Page - HOPE Microelectronics CO., Ltd.

Part No. RFM95
Description  Low Power Long Range Transceiver Module
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Maker  HOPE [HOPE Microelectronics CO., Ltd.]
Homepage  https://www.hoperf.com/
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 20 page
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Page 20
RFM95/96/97/98(W)
Tel: + 86-755-82973805
Fax: + 86-755-82973550
E-mail: sales@hoperf.com http:/ / www.hoperf.com
3. RFM95/96/97/98(W) Features
This section gives a high-level overview of the functionality of the RFM95/96/97/98(W) low-power, highly integrated
transceiver. The following figure shows a simplified block diagram of the RFM95/96/97/98(W).
Figure 3. RFM95/96/97/98(W) Block Schematic Diagram
RFM95/96/97/98(W) is a half-duplex, low-IF transceiver. Here the received RF signal is first amplified by the LNA. The
LNA inputs are single ended to minimise the external BoM and for ease of design. Following the LNA inputs, the
conversion to differential is made to improve the second order linearity and harmonic rejection. The signal is then down-
converted to in- phase and quadrature (I&Q) components at the intermediate frequency (IF) by the mixer stage. A pair of
sigma delta ADCs then perform data conversion, with all subsequent signal processing and demodulation performed in
the digital domain. The digital state machine also controls the automatic frequency correction (AFC), received signal
strength indicator (RSSI) and automatic gain control (AGC). It also features the higher-level packet and protocol level
functionality of the top level sequencer (TLS).
The frequency synthesisers generate the local oscillator (LO) frequency for both receiver and transmitter, one covering the
lower UHF bands (up to 525 MHz), and the other one covering the upper UHF bands (from 860 MHz). The PLLs are
optimized for user-transparent low lock time and fast auto-calibrating operation. In transmission, frequency modulation is
performed digitally within the PLL bandwidth. The PLL also features optional pre-filtering of the bit stream to improve
spectral purity.
RFM95/96/97/98(W) feature three distinct RF power amplifiers. Two of those, connected to RFO_LF and RFO_HF, can
deliver up to +14 dBm, are unregulated for high power efficiency and can be connected directly to their respective RF
receiver inputs via a pair of passive components to form a single antenna port high efficiency transceiver. The third PA,
connected to the PA_BOOST pin and can deliver up to +20 dBm via a dedicated matching network. Unlike the high
efficiency PAs, this high- stability PA covers all frequency bands that the frequency synthesizer addresses.
RFM95/96/97/98(W) also include two timing references, an RC oscillator and a 32 MHz crystal
oscillator.




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