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LM334M Datasheet(PDF) 8 Page - Texas Instruments

Part No. LM334M
Description  LM134/LM234/LM334 3-Terminal Adjustable Current Sources
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Maker  TI1 [Texas Instruments]
Homepage  http://www.ti.com
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LM134, LM234, LM334
SNVS746E – MARCH 2000 – REVISED MAY 2013
www.ti.com
Application as a Zero Temperature Coefficent Current Source
Adding a diode and a resistor to the standard LM134 configuration can cancel the temperature-dependent
characteristic of the LM134. The circuit shown in Figure 15 balances the positive tempco of the LM134 (about
+0.23 mV/°C) with the negative tempco of a forward-biased silicon diode (about
−2.5 mV/°C).
Figure 15. Zero Tempco Current Source
The set current (ISET) is the sum of I1 and I2, each contributing approximately 50% of the set current, and IBIAS.
IBIAS is usually included in the I1 term by increasing the VR value used for calculations by 5.9%. (See
CALCULATING RSET.)
(5)
The first step is to minimize the tempco of the circuit, using the following equations. An example is given using a
value of +227
μV/°C as the tempco of the LM134 (which includes the IBIAS component), and −2.5 mV/°C as the
tempco of the diode (for best results, this value should be directly measured or obtained from the manufacturer
of the diode).
(6)
(7)
With the R1 to R2 ratio determined, values for R1 and R2 should be determined to give the desired set current.
The formula for calculating the set current at T = 25°C is shown below, followed by an example that assumes the
forward voltage drop across the diode (VD) is 0.6V, the voltage across R1 is 67.7mV (64 mV + 5.9% to account
for IBIAS), and R2/R1 = 10 (from the previous calculations).
8
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Copyright © 2000–2013, Texas Instruments Incorporated
Product Folder Links: LM134 LM234 LM334




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