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LM3354 Datasheet(PDF) 8 Page - National Semiconductor (TI)

[Old version datasheet] Texas Instruments acquired National semiconductor.
Part No. LM3354
Description  Regulated 90mA Buck-Boost Switched Capacitor DC/DC Converter
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Maker  NSC [National Semiconductor (TI)]
Homepage  http://www.national.com

 8 page
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Applications Information
Operating Principle
The LM3354 is designed to provide a step-up/step-down
voltage regulation in battery powered systems. It combines
switched capacitor circuitry, reference, comparator, and
shutdown logic in a single 10-pin MSOP package. The
LM3354 can provide a regulated voltage between 1.8V and
5.0V from an input voltage between 2.5V and 5.5V. It can
supply a load current up to 90 mA (refer to
Electrical Char-
As shown in
Figure 1, the LM3354 employs two feedback
loops to provide regulation in the most efficient manner
possible. The first loop is from V
OUT through the comparator
COMP, the AND gate G
1, the phase generator, and the
switch array. The comparatorā€™s output is high when V
OUT is
less than the reference V
REF. Regulation is provided by
gating the clock to the switch array. In this manner, charge is
transferred to the output only when needed. The second
loop controls the gain configuration of the switch array. This
loop consists of the comparator, the digital control block, the
phase generator, and the switch array. The digital control
block computes the most efficient gain from a set of five
gains based on inputs from the A/D and the comparator. The
gain signal is sent to the phase generator which then sends
the appropriate timing and configuration signals to the switch
array. This dual loop provides regulation over a wide range of
loads efficiently.
Since efficiency is automatically optimized, the curves for
OUT vs. VIN and Efficiency vs. VIN in the Typical Perfor-
mance Characteristics section exhibit small variations. The
reason is that as input voltage or output load changes, the
digital control loops are making decisions on how to optimize
efficiency. As the switch array is reconfigured, small varia-
tions in output voltage and efficiency result. In all cases
where these small variations are observed, the part is oper-
ating correctly; minimizing output voltage changes and opti-
mizing efficiency.
Charge Pump Capacitor Selection
A 0.33 ĀµF ceramic capacitor is suggested for C1 and C2. To
ensure proper operation over temperature variations, an
X7R dielectric material is recommended.
Filter Capacitor Selection
The three major technologies of capacitors that can be used
as filter capacitors for LM3354 are: i) tantalum, ii) ceramic
and iii) polymer electrolytic technologies.
i) Tantalum
Tantalum capacitors are widely used in switching regulators.
Tantalum capacitors have the highest CV rating of any tech-
nology; as a result, high values of capacitance can be ob-
tained in relatively small package sizes. It is also possible to
obtain high value tantalum capacitors in very low profile
(<1.2 mm) packages. This makes the tantalums attractive
for low-profile, small size applications. Tantalums also pos-
sess very good temperature stability; i.e., the change in the
capacitance value, and impedance over temperature is rela-
tively small. However, the tantalum capacitors have relatively
high ESR values which can lead to higher voltage ripple and
their frequency stability (variation over frequency) is not very
good, especially at high frequencies (>1 MHz).
ii) Ceramic
Ceramic capacitors have the lowest ESR of the three tech-
nologies and their frequency stability is exceptionally good.
These characteristics make the ceramics an attractive
choice for low ripple, high frequency applications. However,
the temperature stability of the ceramics is bad, except for
the X7R and X5R dielectric types. High capacitance values
Taiyo-yuden which are suitable for use with regulators. Ce-
ramics are taller and larger than the tantalums of the same
capacitance value.
iii) Polymer Electrolytic
Polymer electrolytic is a third suitable technology. Polymer
capacitors provide some of the best features of both the
ceramic and the tantalum technologies. They provide very
low ESR values while still achieving high capacitance val-
ues. However, their ESR is still higher than the ceramics,
and their capacitance value is lower than the tantalums of
the same size. Polymers offer good frequency stability (com-
FIGURE 1. Block Diagram

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