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PIC18F2525 Datasheet(PDF) 91 Page - Microchip Technology

Part # PIC18F2525
Description  28/40/44-Pin Enhanced Flash Microcontrollers with 10-Bit A/D and nanoWatt Technology
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Manufacturer  MICROCHIP [Microchip Technology]
Direct Link  http://www.microchip.com
Logo MICROCHIP - Microchip Technology

PIC18F2525 Datasheet(HTML) 91 Page - Microchip Technology

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 2004 Microchip Technology Inc.
Preliminary
DS39626B-page 89
PIC18F2525/2620/4525/4620
8.0
8 x 8 HARDWARE MULTIPLIER
8.1
Introduction
All PIC18 devices include an 8 x 8 hardware multiplier
as part of the ALU. The multiplier performs an unsigned
operation and yields a 16-bit result that is stored in the
product register pair, PRODH:PRODL. The multiplier’s
operation does not affect any flags in the Status
register.
Making multiplication a hardware operation allows it to
be completed in a single instruction cycle. This has the
advantages of higher computational throughput and
reduced code size for multiplication algorithms and
allows the PIC18 devices to be used in many applica-
tions previously reserved for digital signal processors.
A comparison of various hardware and software
multiply operations, along with the savings in memory
and execution time, is shown in Table 8-1.
8.2
Operation
Example 8-1 shows the instruction sequence for an 8 x 8
unsigned multiplication. Only one instruction is required
when one of the arguments is already loaded in the
WREG register.
Example 8-2 shows the sequence to do an 8 x 8 signed
multiplication. To account for the sign bits of the
arguments, each argument’s Most Significant bit (MSb)
is tested and the appropriate subtractions are done.
EXAMPLE 8-1:
8 x 8 UNSIGNED
MULTIPLY ROUTINE
EXAMPLE 8-2:
8 x 8 SIGNED MULTIPLY
ROUTINE
TABLE 8-1:
PERFORMANCE COMPARISON FOR VARIOUS MULTIPLY OPERATIONS
MOVF
ARG1, W
;
MULWF
ARG2
; ARG1 * ARG2 ->
; PRODH:PRODL
MOVF
ARG1, W
MULWF
ARG2
; ARG1 * ARG2 ->
; PRODH:PRODL
BTFSC
ARG2, SB
; Test Sign Bit
SUBWF
PRODH, F
; PRODH = PRODH
;
- ARG1
MOVF
ARG2, W
BTFSC
ARG1, SB
; Test Sign Bit
SUBWF
PRODH, F
; PRODH = PRODH
;
- ARG2
Routine
Multiply Method
Program
Memory
(Words)
Cycles
(Max)
Time
@ 40 MHz
@ 10 MHz
@ 4 MHz
8 x 8 unsigned
Without hardware multiply
13
69
6.9
µs27.6 µs69 µs
Hardware multiply
1
1
100 ns
400 ns
1
µs
8 x 8 signed
Without hardware multiply
33
91
9.1
µs36.4 µs91 µs
Hardware multiply
6
6
600 ns
2.4
µs6 µs
16 x 16 unsigned
Without hardware multiply
21
242
24.2
µs96.8 µs
242
µs
Hardware multiply
28
28
2.8
µs
11.2
µs28 µs
16 x 16 signed
Without hardware multiply
52
254
25.4
µs
102.6
µs
254
µs
Hardware multiply
35
40
4.0
µs16.0 µs40 µs


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