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IR51H420 Datasheet(PDF) 2 Page - International Rectifier

Part No. IR51H420
Description  POWIRLIGHTTM REFERENCE DESIGN : COMPACT BALLAST
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Manufacturer  IRF [International Rectifier]
Direct Link  http://www.irf.com
Logo IRF - International Rectifier

IR51H420 Datasheet(HTML) 2 Page - International Rectifier

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Functional Description
The circuit is centered around the IR51H420 Ballast Driver Hybrid which contains the IR2151 Ballast
Driver IC and two 500 volt size 2 HEXFET’s in a half bridge configuration. With a 120 volt AC line
input (AC1-N), the voltage is rectified and doubled to provide a bus voltage of approximately 300
volts. With a 220 volt AC line input (AC1-AC2), the voltage is rectified but not doubled and again
provides a bus voltage of approximately 300 volts.The start up resistor R2 is sized such that it can
supply enough current to start the oscillator in the IR51H420 but not enough to cause the shunt
clamp to regulate and maintain constant oscillation. With this constraint the power dissipation in
resistor R2 is low enough so that a 1/4 watt unit will suffice. A charge pump circuit, consisting of
capacitor C10 and diodes D5 and D6, is used so that when the IR51H420 begins to oscillate, the
charge pump circuit supplies the current to increase the voltage on Vcc to cause the shunt clamp to
regulate. If the lamp is removed from the circuit there is no longer a path for the charge pump
capacitor C10. This causes the voltage at Vcc of the IR51H420 to begin falling. When the voltage at
Vcc of the IR51H420 falls below the negative undervoltage lockout threshold the oscillator stops
switching. At this point the voltage will begin to rise again and when the voltage reaches the positive
undervoltage lockout threshold the IC again begins to oscillate. If there is no lamp installed in the
circuit there will be no path for the charge pump circuit to supply current and the voltage at Vcc will
again fall below the negative undervoltage lockout threshold. The circuit will continue this sequence
indefinitely until the power is removed or a lamp is reinserted into the circuit. If a lamp is reinserted
into the circuit, the lamp will light.
To provide long life and to insure soft-starting of the lamp, the cathodes must be pre-heated so that
their hot resistance is approximately three to four times that of the cold resistance value. This is
performed by using a three step start-up sequence; the three steps being three oscillator frequency
settings. The oscillator is started at a frequency well above the resonant point of the LC circuit
formed by inductor L1 and capacitor C9. This is done to insure that the initial voltage applied across
the lamp is below the strike potential. The second frequency step, below step 1, was chosen to
provide a current through the cathodes large enough to heat them in the pre-heat time while also
maintaining the voltage across the lamp below the strike potential. The third step is to move the
oscillator to the final running frequency. At this point the voltage across the lamp becomes large
enough to strike the arc and the resonant point of the circuit shifts lower and the current in the lamp
is limited by the inductor L1.
The frequency shifting is accomplished by switching out different capacitors used to program the
oscillator frequency. The capacitors are switched out by shorting them with MOSFET’s which are
timed to turn on at different times. The pre-heat frequency is determined by the following formula:
)
6
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5
)(
6
(
4
.
1
6
5
C
C
R
C
C
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