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3966 Datasheet(PDF) 6 Page - Allegro MicroSystems

Part No. 3966
Description  DUAL FULL-BRIDGE PWM MOTOR DRIVER
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Manufacturer  ALLEGRO [Allegro MicroSystems]
Direct Link  http://www.allegromicro.com
Logo ALLEGRO - Allegro MicroSystems

3966 Datasheet(HTML) 6 Page - Allegro MicroSystems

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3966
DUAL FULL-BRIDGE
PWM MOTOR DRIVER
115 Northeast Cutoff, Box 15036
Worcester, Massachusetts 01615-0036 (508) 853-5000
6
Load Current Regulation. Due to internal logic and
switching delays (td), the actual load current peak will be
slightly higher than the ITRIP value. These delays, plus the
blanking time, limit the minimum value the current control
circuitry can regulate. To produce zero current in a
winding, the ENABLE terminal should be held high,
turning off all output drivers for that H-bridge.
Logic Inputs. A logic high on the PHASE input results
in current flowing from OUTA to OUTB of that H-bridge.
A logic low on the PHASE input results in current flowing
from OUTB to OUTA. An internally generated dead time
(tcodt) of approximately 1 µs prevents cross-over current
spikes that can occur when switching the PHASE input.
A logic high on the ENABLE input turns off all four
output drivers of that H-bridge. This results in a fast
current decay through the internal ground clamp and
flyback diodes. A logic low on the ENABLE input turns
on the selected source and sink driver of that H-bridge.
The ENABLE inputs can be pulse-width modulated for
applications that require a fast current-decay PWM. If
external current-sensing circuitry is used, the internal
current-control logic can be disabled by connecting the
RTCT terminal to ground.
The REFERENCE input voltage is typically set with a
resistor divider from VCC. This reference voltage is
internally divided down by 4 to set up the current-com-
parator trip-voltage threshold. The reference input voltage
range is 0 to 2 V.
Output Drivers. To minimize on-chip power dissipation,
the sink drivers incorporate a Satlington structure. The
Satlington output combines the low VCE(sat) features of a
saturated transistor and the high peak-current capability of
a Darlington (connected) transistor. A graph showing
typical output saturation voltages as a function of output
current is on the next page.
Miscellaneous Information. Thermal protection
circuitry turns off all output drivers should the junction
temperature reach +165 °C (typical). This is intended
only to protect the device from failures due to excessive
junction temperatures and should not imply that output
short circuits are permitted. Normal operation is resumed
when the junction temperature has decreased about 15°C.
The A3966 current control employs a fixed-fre-
quency, variable duty cycle PWM technique. As a result,
the current-control regulation may become unstable if the
duty cycle exceeds 50%.
To minimize current-sensing inaccuracies caused by
ground trace IR drops, each current-sensing resistor
should have a separate return to the ground terminal of
the device. For low-value sense resistors, the I x R drops
in the printed-wiring board can be significant and should
be taken into account. The use of sockets should be
avoided as their contact resistance can cause variations in
the effective value of RS.
The LOAD SUPPLY terminal, VBB, should be
decoupled with an electrolytic capacitor (47 µF recom-
mended) placed as close to the device as physically
practical. To minimize the effect of system ground I x R
drops on the logic and reference input signals, the system
ground should have a low-resistance return to the load
supply voltage.
The frequency of the clock oscillator will determine
the amount of ripple current. A lower frequency will
result in higher current ripple, but reduced heating in the
motor and driver IC due to a corresponding decrease in
hysteretic core losses and switching losses respectively.
A higher frequency will reduce ripple current, but will
increase switching losses and EMI.
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION (continued)


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