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ST72311R Datasheet(HTML) 95 Page - STMicroelectronics

Part No. ST72311R
Description  8-BIT MCU WITH NESTED INTERRUPTS, EEPROM, ADC, 16-BIT TIMERS, 8-BIT PWM ART, SPI, SCI, CAN INTERFACES
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Maker  STMICROELECTRONICS [STMicroelectronics]
Homepage  http://www.st.com
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ST72311R Datasheet(HTML) 95 Page - STMicroelectronics

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SERIAL COMMUNICATIONS INTERFACE (Cont’d)
10.6.4.2 Transmitter
The transmitter can send data words of either 8 or
9 bits depending on the M bit status. When the M
bit is set, word length is 9 bits and the 9th bit (the
MSB) has to be stored in the T8 bit in the CR1 reg-
ister.
Character Transmission
During an SCI transmission, data shifts out least
significant bit first on the TDO pin. In this mode,
the DR register consists of a buffer (TDR) between
the internal bus and the transmit shift register (see
Figure 52).
Procedure
– Select the M bit to define the word length.
– Select the desired baud rate using the BRR and
the ETPR registers.
– Set the TE bit to assign the TDO pin to the alter-
nate function and to send a idle frame as first
transmission.
– Access the SR register and write the data to
send in the DR register (this sequence clears the
TDRE bit). Repeat this sequence for each data to
be transmitted.
Clearing the TDRE bit is always performed by the
following software sequence:
1. An access to the SR register
2. A write to the DR register
The TDRE bit is set by hardware and it indicates:
– The TDR register is empty.
– The data transfer is beginning.
– The next data can be written in the DR register
without overwriting the previous data.
This flag generates an interrupt if the TIE bit is set
and the I bit is cleared in the CCR register.
When a transmission is taking place, a write in-
struction to the DR register stores the data in the
TDR register and which is copied in the shift regis-
ter at the end of the current transmission.
When no transmission is taking place, a write in-
struction to the DR register places the data directly
in the shift register, the data transmission starts,
and the TDRE bit is immediately set.
When a frame transmission is complete (after the
stop bit or after the break frame) the TC bit is set
and an interrupt is generated if the TCIE is set and
the I bit is cleared in the CCR register.
Clearing the TC bit is performed by the following
software sequence:
1. An access to the SR register
2. A write to the DR register
Note: The TDRE and TC bits are cleared by the
same software sequence.
Break Characters
Setting the SBK bit loads the shift register with a
break character. The break frame length depends
on the M bit (see Figure 53).
As long as the SBK bit is set, the SCI send break
frames to the TDO pin. After clearing this bit by
software the SCI insert a logic 1 bit at the end of
the last break frame to guarantee the recognition
of the start bit of the next frame.
Idle Characters
Setting the TE bit drives the SCI to send an idle
frame before the first data frame.
Clearing and then setting the TE bit during a trans-
mission sends an idle frame after the current word.
Note: Resetting and setting the TE bit causes the
data in the TDR register to be lost. Therefore the
best time to toggle the TE bit is when the TDRE bit
is set i.e. before writing the next byte in the DR.


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