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PIC18F2525 Datasheet(PDF) 46 Page - Microchip Technology

Part # PIC18F2525
Description  28/40/44-Pin Enhanced Flash Microcontrollers with 10-Bit A/D and nanoWatt Technology
Download  412 Pages
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Manufacturer  MICROCHIP [Microchip Technology]
Direct Link  http://www.microchip.com
Logo MICROCHIP - Microchip Technology

PIC18F2525 Datasheet(HTML) 46 Page - Microchip Technology

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PIC18F2525/2620/4525/4620
DS39626E-page 44
© 2008 Microchip Technology Inc.
4.4
Brown-out Reset (BOR)
PIC18F2525/2620/4525/4620
devices
implement
a
BOR circuit that provides the user with a number of
configuration and power-saving options. The BOR is
controlled
by
the
BORV1:BORV0
and
BOREN1:BOREN0 Configuration bits. There are a total
of four BOR configurations which are summarized in
Table 4-1.
The BOR threshold is set by the BORV1:BORV0 bits. If
BOR is enabled (any values of BOREN1:BOREN0,
except ‘00’), any drop of VDD below VBOR (parameter
D005) for greater than TBOR (parameter 35) will reset
the device. A Reset may or may not occur if VDD falls
below VBOR for less than TBOR. The chip will remain in
Brown-out Reset until VDD rises above VBOR.
If the Power-up Timer is enabled, it will be invoked after
VDD rises above VBOR; it then will keep the chip in
Reset
for
an
additional
time
delay,
TPWRT
(parameter 33). If VDD drops below VBOR while the
Power-up Timer is running, the chip will go back into a
Brown-out Reset and the Power-up Timer will be
initialized. Once VDD rises above VBOR, the Power-up
Timer will execute the additional time delay.
BOR
and
the
Power-on
Timer
(PWRT)
are
independently configured. Enabling BOR Reset does
not automatically enable the PWRT.
4.4.1
SOFTWARE ENABLED BOR
When BOREN1:BOREN0 = 01, the BOR can be
enabled or disabled by the user in software. This is
done with the control bit, SBOREN (RCON<6>).
Setting SBOREN enables the BOR to function as
previously described. Clearing SBOREN disables the
BOR entirely. The SBOREN bit operates only in this
mode; otherwise it is read as ‘0’.
Placing the BOR under software control gives the user
the additional flexibility of tailoring the application to its
environment without having to reprogram the device to
change BOR configuration. It also allows the user to
tailor device power consumption in software by elimi-
nating the incremental current that the BOR consumes.
While the BOR current is typically very small, it may
have some impact in low-power applications.
4.4.2
DETECTING BOR
When BOR is enabled, the BOR bit always resets to ‘0’
on any BOR or POR event. This makes it difficult to
determine if a BOR event has occurred just by reading
the state of BOR alone. A more reliable method is to
simultaneously check the state of both POR and BOR.
This assumes that the POR bit is reset to ‘1’ in software
immediately after any POR event. If BOR is ‘0’ while
POR is ‘1’, it can be reliably assumed that a BOR event
has occurred.
4.4.3
DISABLING BOR IN SLEEP MODE
When BOREN1:BOREN0 = 10, the BOR remains
under hardware control and operates as previously
described. Whenever the device enters Sleep mode,
however, the BOR is automatically disabled. When the
device returns to any other operating mode, BOR is
automatically re-enabled.
This mode allows for applications to recover from
brown-out situations, while actively executing code,
when the device requires BOR protection the most. At
the same time, it saves additional power in Sleep mode
by eliminating the small incremental BOR current.
TABLE 4-1:
BOR CONFIGURATIONS
Note:
Even when BOR is under software control,
the BOR Reset voltage level is still set by
the BORV1:BORV0 Configuration bits. It
cannot be changed in software.
BOR Configuration
Status of
SBOREN
(RCON<6>)
BOR Operation
BOREN1
BOREN0
00
Unavailable
BOR disabled; must be enabled by reprogramming the Configuration bits.
01
Available
BOR enabled in software; operation controlled by SBOREN.
10
Unavailable
BOR enabled in hardware in Run and Idle modes, disabled during
Sleep mode.
11
Unavailable
BOR enabled in hardware; must be disabled by reprogramming the
Configuration bits.


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