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LM12L458CIV Datasheet(PDF) 22 Page - National Semiconductor (TI)

[Old version datasheet] Texas Instruments acquired National semiconductor.
Part # LM12L458CIV
Description  12-Bit Sign Data Acquisition System with Self-Calibration
Download  36 Pages
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Manufacturer  NSC [National Semiconductor (TI)]
Direct Link  http://www.national.com
Logo NSC - National Semiconductor (TI)

LM12L458CIV Datasheet(HTML) 22 Page - National Semiconductor (TI)

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2.0 Internal User-Programmable
Registers (Continued)
Bits 0–7 hold “watchdog” limit #1. When Bit 11 of Instruction
RAM “00” is set to a “1”, the LM12L458 performs a “watch-
dog” comparison of the sampled analog input signal with the
limit #1 value first, followed by a comparison of the same
sampled analog input signal with the value found in limit #2
(Instruction RAM “10”).
Bit 8 holds limit #1’s sign.
Bit 9’s state determines the limit condition that generates a
“watchdog” interrupt. A “1” causes a voltage greater than
limit #1 to generate an interrupt, while a “0” causes a voltage
less than limit #1 to generate an interrupt.
Bits 10–15 are not used.
Instruction RAM “10”
The third Instruction RAM section is selected by placing a
“10” in Bits 8 and 9 of the Configuration register.
Bits 0–7 hold “watchdog” limit #2. When Bit 11 of Instruction
RAM “00” is set to a “1”, the LM12L458 performs a “watch-
dog” comparison of the sampled analog input signal with the
limit #1 value first (Instruction RAM “01”), followed by a com-
parison of the same sampled analog input signal with the
value found in limit #2.
Bit 8 holds limit #2’s sign.
Bit 9’s state determines the limit condition that generates a
“watchdog” interrupt. A “1” causes a voltage greater than
limit #2 to generate an interrupt, while a “0” causes a voltage
less than limit #2 to generate an interrupt.
Bits 10–15 are not used.
2.2 CONFIGURATION REGISTER
The Configuration register, 1000 (A4–A1, BW = 0) or 1000x
(A4–A0, BW = 1) is a 16-bit control register with read/write
capability. It acts as the LM12L458’s “control panel” holding
global
information
as
well
as
start/stop,
reset,
self-calibration, and stand-by commands.
Bit 0 is the START/STOP bit. Reading Bit 0 returns an indi-
cation of the Sequencer’s status. A “0” indicates that the Se-
quencer is stopped and waiting to execute the next instruc-
tion. A “1” shows that the Sequencer is running. Writing a “0”
halts the Sequencer when the current instruction has fin-
ished execution. The next instruction to be executed is
pointed to by the instruction pointer found in the status reg-
ister. A “1” restarts the Sequencer with the instruction cur-
rently pointed to by the instruction pointer. (See Bits 8–10 in
the Interrupt Status register.)
Bit 1 is the LM12L458’s system RESET bit. Writing a “1” to
Bit 1 stops the Sequencer (resetting the Configuration regis-
ter’s START/STOP bit), resets the Instruction pointer to “000”
(found in the Interrupt Status register), clears the Conversion
FIFO, and resets all interrupt flags. The RESET bit will return
to “0” after two clock cycles unless it is forced high by writing
a “1” into the Configuration register’s Standby bit. A reset sig-
nal is internally generated when power is first applied to the
part. No operation should be started until the RESET bit is
“0”.
Writing a “1” to Bit 2 initiates an auto-zero offset voltage cali-
bration. Unlike the eight-sample auto-zero calibration per-
formed during the full calibration procedure, Bit 2 initiates a
“short” auto-zero by sampling the offset once and creating a
correction coefficient (full calibration averages eight samples
of the converter offset voltage when creating a correction co-
efficient). If the Sequencer is running when Bit 2 is set to “1”,
an auto-zero starts immediately after the conclusion of the
currently running instruction. Bit 2 is reset automatically to a
“0” and an interrupt flag (Bit 3, in the Interrupt Status register)
is set at the end of the auto-zero (76 clock cycles). After
completion of an auto-zero calibration, the Sequencer
fetches the next instruction as pointed to by the Instruction
RAM’s pointer and resumes execution. If the Sequencer is
stopped, an auto-zero is performed immediately at the time
requested.
Writing a “1” to Bit 3 initiates a complete calibration process
that includes a “long” auto-zero offset voltage correction (this
calibration averages eight samples of the comparator offset
voltage when creating a correction coefficient) followed by
an ADC linearity calibration. This complete calibration is
started after the currently running instruction is completed if
the Sequencer is running when Bit 3 is set to “1”. Bit 3 is re-
set automatically to a “0” and an interrupt flag (Bit 4, in the In-
terrupt Status register) will be generated at the end of the
calibration procedure (4944 clock cycles). After completion
of a full auto-zero and linearity calibration, the Sequencer
fetches the next instruction as pointed to by the Instruction
RAM’s pointer and resumes execution. If the Sequencer is
stopped, a full calibration is performed immediately at the
time requested.
Bit 4 is the Standby bit. Writing a “1” to Bit 4 immediately
places the LM12L458 in Standby mode. Normal operation
returns when Bit 4 is reset to a “0”. The Standby command
(“1”) disconnects the external clock from the internal circuitry,
decreases the LM12L458’s internal analog circuitry power
supply current, and preserves all internal RAM contents. Af-
ter writing a “0” to the Standby bit, the LM12L458 returns to
an operating state identical to that caused by exercising the
RESET bit. A Standby completion interrupt is issued after a
power-up completion delay that allows the analog circuitry to
settle. The Sequencer should be restarted only after the
Standby completion is issued. The Instruction RAM can still
be accessed through read and write operations while the
LM12L458 are in Standby Mode.
Bit 5 is the Channel Address Mask. If Bit 5 is set to a “1”, Bits
13–15 in the conversion FIFO will be equal to the sign bit (Bit
12) of the conversion data. Resetting Bit 5 to a “0” causes
conversion data Bits 13 through 15 to hold the instruction
pointer value of the instruction to which the conversion data
belongs.
Bit 6 is used to select a “short” auto-zero correction for every
conversion.
The
Sequencer
automatically
inserts
an
auto-zero before every conversion or “watchdog” compari-
son if Bit 6 is set to “1”. No automatic correction will be per-
formed if Bit 6 is reset to “0”.
The LM12L458’s offset voltage, after calibration, has a typi-
cal drift of 0.1 LSB over a temperature range of −40˚C to
+85˚C. This small drift is less than the variability of the
change in offset that can occur when using the auto-zero
correction with each conversion. This variability is the result
of using only one sample of the offset voltage to create a cor-
rection value. This variability decreases when using the full
calibration mode because eight samples of the offset voltage
are taken, averaged, and used to create a correction value.
Bit 7 is used to program the SYNC pin (29) to operate as ei-
ther an input or an output. The SYNC pin becomes an output
when Bit 7 is a “1” and an input when Bit 7 is a “0”. With
SYNC programmed as an input, the rising edge of any logic
signal applied to pin 29 will start a conversion or “watchdog”
comparison. Programmed as an output, the logic level at pin
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22


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