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LM386N-1 Datasheet(PDF) 3 Page - National Semiconductor (TI)

[Old version datasheet] Texas Instruments acquired National semiconductor.
Part No. LM386N-1
Description  Low Voltage Audio Power Amplifier
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Maker  NSC [National Semiconductor (TI)]

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Application Hints
To make the LM386 a more versatile amplifier, two pins (1
and 8) are provided for gain control. With pins 1 and 8 open
the 1.35 k
Ω resistor sets the gain at 20 (26 dB). If a capacitor
is put from pin 1 to 8, bypassing the 1.35 k
Ω resistor, the
gain will go up to 200 (46 dB). If a resistor is placed in series
with the capacitor, the gain can be set to any value from 20
to 200. Gain control can also be done by capacitively cou-
pling a resistor (or FET) from pin 1 to ground.
Additional external components can be placed in parallel
with the internal feedback resistors to tailor the gain and fre-
quency response for individual applications. For example,
we can compensate poor speaker bass response by fre-
quency shaping the feedback path. This is done with a series
RC from pin 1 to 5 (paralleling the internal 15 k
Ω resistor).
For 6 dB effective bass boost: R
15 kΩ, the lowest value
for good stable operation is R = 10 k
Ω if pin 8 is open. If pins
1 and 8 are bypassed then R as low as 2 k
Ω can be used.
This restriction is because the amplifier is only compensated
for closed-loop gains greater than 9.
The schematic shows that both inputs are biased to ground
Ω resistor. The base current of the input transis-
tors is about 250 nA, so the inputs are at about 12.5 mV
when left open. If the dc source resistance driving the LM386
is higher than 250 k
Ω it will contribute very little additional
offset (about 2.5 mV at the input, 50 mV at the output). If the
dc source resistance is less than 10 k
Ω, then shorting the
unused input to ground will keep the offset low (about 2.5 mV
at the input, 50 mV at the output). For dc source resistances
between these values we can eliminate excess offset by put-
ting a resistor from the unused input to ground, equal in
value to the dc source resistance. Of course all offset prob-
lems are eliminated if the input is capacitively coupled.
When using the LM386 with higher gains (bypassing the
1.35 k
Ω resistor between pins 1 and 8) it is necessary to by-
pass the unused input, preventing degradation of gain and
possible instabilities. This is done with a 0.1 µF capacitor or
a short to ground depending on the dc source resistance on
the driven input.

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