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LM3914N Datasheet(HTML) 1 Page - National Semiconductor (TI)

[Old version datasheet] Texas Instruments acquired National semiconductor.
Part No. LM3914N
Description  Dot/Bar Display Driver
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Maker  NSC [National Semiconductor (TI)]
Homepage  http://www.national.com

LM3914N Datasheet(HTML) 1 Page - National Semiconductor (TI)

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Dot/Bar Display Driver
General Description
The LM3914 is a monolithic integrated circuit that senses
analog voltage levels and drives 10 LEDs, providing a linear
analog display. A single pin changes the display from a mov-
ing dot to a bar graph. Current drive to the LEDs is regulated
and programmable, eliminating the need for resistors. This
feature is one that allows operation of the whole system from
less than 3V.
The circuit contains its own adjustable reference and accu-
rate 10-step voltage divider. The low-bias-current input
buffer accepts signals down to ground, or V
, yet needs no
protection against inputs of 35V above or below ground. The
buffer drives 10 individual comparators referenced to the
precision divider. Indication non-linearity can thus be held
typically to 12%, even over a wide temperature range.
Versatility was designed into the LM3914 so that controller,
visual alarm, and expanded scale functions are easily added
on to the display system. The circuit can drive LEDs of many
colors, or low-current incandescent lamps. Many LM3914s
can be “chained” to form displays of 20 to over 100 seg-
ments. Both ends of the voltage divider are externally avail-
able so that 2 drivers can be made into a zero-center meter.
The LM3914 is very easy to apply as an analog meter circuit.
A 1.2V full-scale meter requires only 1 resistor and a single
3V to 15V supply in addition to the 10 display LEDs. If the 1
resistor is a pot, it becomes the LED brightness control. The
simplified block diagram illustrates this extremely simple ex-
ternal circuitry.
When in the dot mode, there is a small amount of overlap or
“fade” (about 1 mV) between segments. This assures that at
no time will all LEDs be “OFF”, and thus any ambiguous dis-
play is avoided. Various novel displays are possible.
Much of the display flexibility derives from the fact that all
outputs are individual, DC regulated currents. Various effects
can be achieved by modulating these currents. The indi-
vidual outputs can drive a transistor as well as a LED at the
same time, so controller functions including “staging” control
can be performed. The LM3914 can also act as a program-
mer, or sequencer.
The LM3914 is rated for operation from 0˚C to +70˚C. The
LM3914N-1 is available in an 18-lead molded (N) package.
The following typical application illustrates adjusting of the
reference to a desired value, and proper grounding for accu-
rate operation, and avoiding oscillations.
Drives LEDs, LCDs or vacuum fluorescents
Bar or dot display mode externally selectable by user
Expandable to displays of 100 steps
Internal voltage reference from 1.2V to 12V
Operates with single supply of less than 3V
Inputs operate down to ground
Output current programmable from 2 mA to 30 mA
No multiplex switching or interaction between outputs
Input withstands ±35V without damage or false outputs
LED driver outputs are current regulated,
Outputs can interface with TTL or CMOS logic
The internal 10-step divider is floating and can be
referenced to a wide range of voltages
January 2000
© 2000 National Semiconductor Corporation

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